Andean Eba

References & Further Reading


The following references provide relevant information on the recent and past ecosystem-based adaptation research with focus in the extratropical Andes, Europe and Asia. The involved institutions which provide information are: ITT, Aalto University, National Council of Scientific and Technological Investigation, Pontificial Catholic University of Peru, National Service of Meteorology and Hydrology in Peru, University of La Frontera, Polytechnic University of Valencia:


Abdelaziz, R., & Zambrano-Bigiarini, M. (2014). Particle Swarm Optimization for inverse modeling of solute transport in fractured gneiss aquifer. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 164, 285–98.

Acreman, M., Arthington, A. H., Colloff, M. J., Couch, C., Crossman, N. D., Dyer, F., … Young, W. (2014). Environmental flows for natural, hybrid, and novel riverine ecosystems in a changing world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 12(8), 466–473.

Al Zayed, I. S., Elagib, N. A., Ribbe, L., & Heinrich, J. (2015). Spatio-temporal performance of large-scale Gezira Irrigation Scheme, Sudan. Agricultural Systems, 133, 131–142.

Al Zayed, I.S., Ribbe, L., Al Salhi, A. (2013). Water Harvesting and Flashflood MitigationWadi Watier Case Study (South Sinai, Egypt). International Journal of Water Resources and Arid Environments 3(2): 102109, 2013. ISSN 20797079.

Andres, N., Vegas Galdos, F., Lavado Casimiro, W. S., & Zappa, M. (2014). Water resources and climate change impact modelling on a daily time scale in the Peruvian Andes. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 59(11), 2043–2059.

Andreu, J., Capilla, J., & Sanchís, E. (1996). AQUATOOL, a generalized decision-support system for water-resources planning and operational management. Journal of Hydrology, 177(3-4), 269–291.

Aravena, R., Suzuki, O., Peña, H., Pollastri, A., Fuenzalida, H., & Grilli, A. (1999). Isotopic composition and origin of the precipitation in Northern Chile. Applied Geochemistry, 14(4), 411–422.

Arias, M. E., Cochrane, T. A., Kummu, M., Lauri, H., Holtgrieve, G. W., Koponen, J., & Piman, T. (2014). Impacts of hydropower and climate change on drivers of ecological productivity of Southeast Asia’s most important wetland. Ecological Modelling, 272, 252–263.

Azócar, G. F., & Brenning, A. (2010). Hydrological and geomorphological significance of rock glaciers in the dry Andes, Chile (27°-33°S). Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 21(1), 42–53.

Barnett, T. P., Adam, J. C., & Lettenmaier, D. P. (2005). Potential impacts of a warming climate on water availability in snow-dominated regions. Nature, 438(7066), 303–9.

Bates, B. C., Kundzewicz, Z. W., Wu, S., & Palutikof, J. P. (2008). Climate Change and Water. Climate change and water.

Beniston, M., Stoffel, M., Hill Clarvis, M., & Quevauviller, P. (2014). Assessing climate change impacts on the quantity of water in Alpine regions: Foreword to the adaptation and policy implications of the EU/FP7 “ACQWA” project. Environmental Science & Policy, 43, 1–4.

BID (2014a). Adaptation To Climate Impacts In Water Regulation And Supply For The Area Of Chingaza–Sumapaz–Guerrero,

BID (2014b). Adaptación a las Consecuencias del Cambio Climático en el Sistema Hidrológico del Cuyo,

Brenning, A. (2005). Geomorphological, hydrological and climatic significance of rock glaciers in the Andes of Central Chile (33-35°S). Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 16(3), 231–240.

Casale, J., Borsdorf, A., & Moreira-muñoz, A. (2014). Reservas de la Biosfera como Laboratorios para la Sustentabilidad: Paisajes de conservación y ordenamiento territorial, (2014), 272–293.

Casassa, G., Haeberli, W., Jones, G., Kaser, G., Ribstein, P., Rivera, A., & Schneider, C. (2007). Current status of Andean glaciers. Global and Planetary Change, 59(1-4), 1–9.

Caylor, K. K., Scanlon, T. M., & Rodriguez-Iturbe, I. (2009). Ecohydrological optimization of pattern and processes in water-limited ecosystems: A trade-off-based hypothesis. Water Resources Research, 45(8), n/a–n/a.

Corporación Nacional del Medio Ambiente, CONAMA (2006). Estudio de la variabilidad climática en chile para el siglo XXI.

Davies, J., Poulsen, L., Schulte-Herbrüggen, B., Mackinnon, K., Crawhall, N., Henwood, W.D., Dudley, N., Smith, J. and Gudka, M. (2012). Conserving Dryland Biodiversity. xii +84p

Doswald, N., & Osti, M. (2011). Ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation and mitigation-Good practice examples and lessons learned in Europe. Research Report. Retrieved from papers://ef64220a-a077-48ec-ae81-be13b32d2073/Paper/p1033

Elortegui, S., & Moreira Muñoz, A. (2002). Parque Nacional La Campana Origen de una Reserva de la Biosfera en Chile Central, 1–26.

European Commission (2016a). Climate-ADAPT – European Climate Adaption Platform. Retrieved March 2016 from

European Commission (2016b). Natural Water Retention Measures. Retrieved March 2016 from

European Commission (2013). An EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change. COM (2013) 216, Brussels.

Espinoza, J. C., Chavez, S., Ronchail, J., Junquas, C., Takahashi, K., & Lavado, W. (2015). Rainfall hotspots over the southern tropical Andes: Spatial distribution, rainfall intensity, and relations with large-scale atmospheric circulation. Water Resources Research, 51(5), 3459–3475.

Falvey, M., & Garreaud, R. D. (2009). Regional cooling in a warming world: Recent temperature trends in the southeast Pacific and along the west coast of subtropical South America (1979–2006). Journal of Geophysical Research, 114(D4), D04102.

Favier, V., Falvey, M., Rabatel, A., Praderio, E., & López, D. (2009). Interpreting discrepancies between discharge and precipitation in high-altitude area of Chile’s Norte Chico region (26-32°S). Water Resources Research, 45(2), n/a–n/a.

Fritz, P., Suzuki, O., Silva, C., & Salati, E. (1981). Isotope hydrology of groundwaters in the Pampa del Tamarugal, Chile. Journal of Hydrology, 53(1-2), 161–184.

Garreaud, R. D., Vuille, M., Compagnucci, R., & Marengo, J. (2009). Present-day South American climate. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 281(3-4), 180–195.

Hagen, B., Middel, A., & Pijawka, D. (2015). European Climate Change Perceptions: Public support for mitigation and adaptation policies. Environmental Policy and Governance, n/a–n/a.

Harrison, P. A., Holman, I. P., & Berry, P. M. (2015). Assessing cross-sectoral climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation: an introduction to the CLIMSAVE project. Climatic Change, 128(3-4), 153–167.

Hoang, L. P., Lauri, H., Kummu, M., Koponen, J., van Vliet, M. T. H., Supit, I., … Ludwig, F. (2015). Mekong River flow and hydrological extremes under climate change. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, 12(11), 11651–11687.

Hoke, G. D., Aranibar, J. N., Viale, M., Araneo, D. C., & Llano, C. (2013). Seasonal moisture sources and the isotopic composition of precipitation, rivers, and carbonates across the Andes at 32.5-35.5°S. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14(4), 962–978.

Hunt A. et al. (2016). ECONADAPT – The economics of climate change adaptation. Retrieved March 2016 from

IUCF (2014). Forest Protecting against Snow Avalanches,

Kalthoff, N., Fiebig-Wittmaack, M., Meißner, C., Kohler, M., Uriarte, M., Bischoff-Gauß, I., & Gonzales, E. (2006). The energy balance, evapo-transpiration and nocturnal dew deposition of an arid valley in the Andes. Journal of Arid Environments, 65(3), 420–443.

Kattelus, M., Salmivaara, A., Mellin, I., Varis, O., & Kummu, M. (2015). An evaluation of the Standardized Precipitation Index for assessing inter-annual rice yield variability in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna region. International Journal of Climatology, n/a–n/a.

Keeler, B. L., Polasky, S., Brauman, K. A., Johnson, K. A., Finlay, J. C., O’Neill, A., … Dalzell, B. (2012). Linking water quality and well-being for improved assessment and valuation of ecosystem services. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(45), 18619–24.

Klostermann, J., van de Sandt, K., Harley, M., Hildén, M., Leiter, T., van Minnen, J., … van Bree, L. (2015). Towards a framework to assess, compare and develop monitoring and evaluation of climate change adaptation in Europe. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change.

Kogelnig, B., Rogger, M., Wöhrer-Alge, M., Mehlhorn, S., Schober, S., Sereinig, N., Schmid, F., Pichler, A. and Rudolf-Miklau, F. (2011). AdaptAlp - Anpassungsstrategien an den Klimawandel, Osterreichische Wasser- und Abfallwirtschaft 63(11-12): a26-a29.

Kummu, M., Gerten, D., Heinke, J., Konzmann, M., & Varis, O. (2014). Climate-driven interannual variability of water scarcity in food production potential: A global analysis. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18(2), 447–461.

Lara, A., Villalba, R., & Urrutia, R. (2007). A 400-year tree-ring record of the Puelo River summer–fall streamflow in the Valdivian Rainforest eco-region, Chile. Climatic Change, 86(3-4), 331–356.

Lauri, H., De Moel, H., Ward, P. J., Räsänen, T. A., Keskinen, M., & Kummu, M. (2012). Future changes in Mekong River hydrology: Impact of climate change and reservoir operation on discharge. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16(12), 4603–4619.

Lavado Casimiro, W. S., Labat, D., Ronchail, J., Espinoza, J. C., & Guyot, J. L. (2012). Trends in rainfall and temperature in the Peruvian Amazon-Andes basin over the last 40 years (1965-2007). Hydrological Processes, n/a–n/a.

Lavado Casimiro, W. S., Ronchail, J., Labat, D., Espinoza, J. C., & Guyot, J. L. (2012). Basin-scale analysis of rainfall and runoff in Peru (1969–2004): Pacific, Titicaca and Amazonas drainages. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 57(4), 625–642.

Lavado-Casimiro, W., & Espinoza, J. C. (2014). Impactos de El Niño y La Niña en las lluvias del Perú (1965-2007). Revista Brasileira de Meteorologia, 29(2), 171–182.

Lavado-Casimiro, W. S., Felipe, O., Silvestre, E., & Bourrel, L. (2013). ENSO impact on hydrology in Peru. Advances in Geosciences, 33, 33–39.

Lavelle, P., Rodríguez, N., Arguello, O., Bernal, J., Botero, C., Chaparro, P., … Fonte, S. J. (2014). Soil ecosystem services and land use in the rapidly changing Orinoco River Basin of Colombia. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 185, 106–117.

Magaritz, M., Aravena, R., Peña, H., Suzuki, O., & Grilli, A. (1989). Water chemistry and isotope study of streams and springs in northern Chile. Journal of Hydrology, 108(1-4), 323–341.

Maldonado, C.E. (2014). Biodesarrollo y complejidad. Propuesta de un modelo teórico. In: Eschenhagen, M.L., Maldonado, C.E. (eds.) Un Viaje por las Alternativas al Desarrollo: Perspectivas y propuestas teóricas. Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá.   

Masiokas, M. H., Christie, D. A., Le Quesne, C., Pitte, P., Ruiz, L., Villalba, R., … Barcaza, G. (2015). Reconstructing glacier mass balances in the Central Andes of Chile and Argentina using local and regional hydro-climatic data. The Cryosphere Discussions, 9(5), 4949–4980.

Masiokas, M. H., Delgado, S., Pitte, P., Berthier, E., Villalba, R., Skvarca, P., … Zalazar, L. (2015). Inventory and recent changes of small glaciers on the northeast margin of the Southern Patagonia icefield, Argentina. Journal of Glaciology, 61(227), 511–523.

Masiokas, M.H.; and 7 others: (2013). Recent and historic Andean snowpack and streamflow variations and vulnerability to water shortages in central-western Argentina. Climate Vulnerability: Understanding and Addressing Threats to Essential Resources. Elsevier Inc., Academic Press, 213–227 pp.

Masiokas, M. H., Rivera, A., Espizua, L. E., Villalba, R., Delgado, S., & Aravena, J. C. (2009). Glacier fluctuations in extratropical South America during the past 1000years. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 281(3-4), 242–268.

Masiokas, M. H., Villalba, R., Christie, D. A., Betman, E., Luckman, B. H., Le Quesne, C., … Mauget, S. (2012). Snowpack variations since AD 1150 in the Andes of Chile and Argentina (30°-37°S) inferred from rainfall, tree-ring and documentary records. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 117(D5), n/a–n/a.

Masiokas, M. H., Villalba, R., Luckman, B. H., Lascano, M. E., Delgado, S., & Stepanek, P. (2008). 20th-century glacier recession and regional hydroclimatic changes in northwestern Patagonia. Global and Planetary Change, 60(1-2), 85–100.

Masiokas, M. H., Villalba, R., Luckman, B. H., Le Quesne, C., & Aravena, J. C. (2006). Snowpack Variations in the Central Andes of Argentina and Chile, 1951–2005: Large-Scale Atmospheric Influences and Implications for Water Resources in the Region. Journal of Climate, 19(24), 6334–6352.

Masiokas, M. H., Villalba, R., Luckman, B. H., & Mauget, S. (2010). Intra- to Multidecadal Variations of Snowpack and Streamflow Records in the Andes of Chile and Argentina between 30° and 37°S. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 11(3), 822–831.

Meier, G.; Penedo, S., Ribbe, L., Nauditt, A. (2016). Economic Evaluation of Proposed Ecosystembased Adaptation Measures in Tha Di and Chi River Basins, Thailand, Final report carried out in the scope of: Improved Management of Extreme Events through Ecosystembased Adaptation in Watersheds (ECOSWat) (GIZ, 2016)

Meza, F. J. (2013). Recent trends and ENSO influence on droughts in Northern Chile: An application of the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index. Weather and Climate Extremes, 1, 51–58.

Moreira-Muñoz, A., & Salazar, A. (2014). Reserva de la Biosfera La Campana – Peñuelas: micro-región modelo para la planificación del desarrollo regional sustentable. Reservas de La Biosfera de Chile – Laboratorios Para La Sustentabilidad, (2014), 106–122.

Moreira-Muñoz A, Muñoz-Schick, M. (2003). Estado de conservación de la ora mediterránea de Chile. Revista Chagual, 1, 46-52.

Mundo, I. A., Masiokas, M. H., Villalba, R., Morales, M. S., Neukom, R., Le Quesne, C., … Lara, A. (2012). Multi-century tree-ring based reconstruction of the Neuquén River streamflow, northern Patagonia, Argentina. Climate of the Past, 8(2), 815–829.

Myers, N., Mittermeier, R. A., Mittermeier, C. G., da Fonseca, G. A., & Kent, J. (2000). Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, 403(6772), 853–8.

Nauditt, A., Soulsby, C., Rusman, A. Schüth, C. and Ribbe, L., (2016). Synoptic tracer surveys of streamwater isotopes and geochemical tracers to understand runoff processes in a semiarid Andean headwater catchment, Central Chile. Submitted to Hydrological Processes. Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Nauditt, A., Birkel, C., Soulsby, C., Viet, T.Q. & Ribbe, L. (2016). Assessing drought propagation in a tropical catchment using conceptual rainfall-runoff modelling, under preparation for J-of hydrology 2016

Nauditt, A., Birkel, C., Soulsby, C., & Ribbe, L. (2015). Conceptual modelling to assess the influence of hydroclimatic variability on runoff processes in data scarce semiarid Andean catchments. Hydrological Sciences Journal, under review

Nauditt, A.; Ribbe, L; Kretschmer, N. (2014). River basin inventory and state of the basin reporting tool for the Limarí river basin, Central Chile (2014), Journal of Natural Resources and Development

Nauditt, A., Gaese, H., Ribbe, L. (2000). Wasserressourcenmanagement in Chile, ITT publication series 2002.

Naumann, S., Anzaldua, G., Berry, P., Burch, S., Davis, M.K., Frelih-Larsen, A., Gerdes, H. and Sanders, M. (2011). Assessment of the potential of ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and mitigation in Europe. Final report to the European Commission, DG Environment, Contract no. 070307/2010/580412/SER/B2, Ecologic institute and Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment

Nehren U., Ho Dac Thai H., Marfai M.A., Raedig C., Alfonso de Nehren S., Sartohadi J. & C. Castro. Assessing ecosystem services and degradation status of coastal dune systems for EcoDRR and EbA: Case studies from Vietnam, Indonesia, and Chile. In: F. Renaud, K. SudmeierRieux, M. Estrella & U. Nehren: Ecosystembased Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation in Practice. Springer, Series: Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research.

Nerini, D., Z. Zulkafli, L. Wang, C. Onof, W. Buytaert, W. Lavado & J. Guyot (2015). A comparative analysis of TRMMrain gauge data merging techniques at the daily time scale for distributed rainfallrunoff modelling applications. J. Hydrometeor.  doi:10.1175/JHMD140197.1, in press

ODEPA. (2013). Panorama de la agricultura chilena.

Ohlanders, N., Rodriguez, M., & McPhee, J. (2013). Stable water isotope variation in a Central Andean watershed dominated by glacier and snowmelt. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17(3), 1035–1050.

Olguin P.A., Bazile D., Nuñez L., Croce P., Alarcon G., Lagos J., Parra F., Peredo P., Negrete J. (2010). Diferenciación de los sistemas de producción a base de quínoa en el secano costero (Región VI, Chile: ¿Cuál es el futuro de este cultivo por cada nuno? : [Resumen]. In : Roger Copa and al. (eds). Memoria resumenes del III Congreso Mundial de la Quinua, 16 al 19 de marzo de 2010, Oruro-Potosi, Bolivia . Oruro : FCAV-Universidad Técnica de Oruro, p. 85. Congreso Mundial de la Quinua. 3, 2010-03-16/2010-03-19, Oruro-Potasi, Bolivia.

Paredes-Arquiola, J., Andreu-Álvarez, J., Martín-Monerris, M., & Solera, A. (2010). Water Quantity and Quality Models Applied to the Jucar River Basin, Spain. Water Resources Management, 24(11), 2759–2779.

Paredes-Arquiola, J., Solera, A., Martinez-Capel, F., Momblanch, A., & Andreu, J. (2014). Integrating water management, habitat modelling and water quality at the basin scale and environmental flow assessment: case study of the Tormes River, Spain. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 59(3-4), 878–889.

Pino Piderit, A., Cardyn Degen, P., Grupo de Trabajo Panguipulli. (2014). La Reserva de la Biosfera de los Bosques Templados Lluviosos de los Andes Australes y las singularidades territoriales de la comuna de Panguipulli. En: A Moreira-Muñoz & A Borsdorf (eds) Reservas de la Biosfera de Chile: Laboratorios para la Sustentabilidad. Academia de Ciencias de Austria, Instituto de Geografía UC, Santiago, serie Geolibros 17: 190-206.

Plummer, M. L. (2009). Assessing benefit transfer for the valuation of ecosystem services. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 7(1), 38–45.

Price, M. F., & Egan, P. A., (2014). Policy Brief: Our global water towers: ensuring ecosystem services from mountains under climate change. UNESCO

Rabatel, A., Francou, B., Soruco, A., Gomez, J., Cáceres, B., Ceballos, J. L., … Wagnon, P. (2013). Current state of glaciers in the tropical Andes: a multi-century perspective on glacier evolution and climate change. The Cryosphere, 7(1), 81–102.

Rangecroft, S., Harrison, S., Anderson, K., Magrath, J., Castel, A. P., & Pacheco, P. (2013). Climate change and water resources in arid mountains: an example from the Bolivian Andes. Ambio, 42(7), 852–63.

Raedig C. & H. Kreft (2011). Influence of different species range types on the perception of macroecological patterns. Systematics and Biodiversity 9, 159170;

Raedig C., Dormann C.F., Hildebrandt A. & S. Lautenbach (2010). Reassessing Neotropical angiosperm distribution patterns based on monographic data: a geometric interpolation approach, Biodiversity and Conservation 19, 1523-1546 Link

Rao, N.S. et al., (2013). An Economic Analysis of Ecosystem-based Adaptation and Engineering Options for Climate Change Adaptation in Lami Town, Republic of the Fiji Islands. A technical report by the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme., Apia, Samoa.

Räsänen T A and Kummu M (2013) Spatiotemporal influences of ENSO on precipitation and flood pulse in the Mekong River Basin Journal of Hydrology 476 154-68

Räsänen T A, Lehr C, Mellin I, Ward P J and Kummu M (2013) Palaeoclimatological perspective on river basin hydrometeorology: case of the Mekong Basin Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 17 2069–81

Reckien, D., Flacke, J., Dawson, R. J., Heidrich, O., Olazabal, M., Foley, A., … Pietrapertosa, F. (2013). Climate change response in Europe: what’s the reality? Analysis of adaptation and mitigation plans from 200 urban areas in 11 countries. Climatic Change, 122(1-2), 331–340.

Ribbe L., Nauditt A., Penedo S., Meier G., Viet T. & T. Zumbroich (2016). Economic Evaluation of Proposed Ecosystem-based Adaptation Measures in Tha Di and Chi River Basins. Report carried out on behalf of the German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ) in the scope of the GIZ-project Improved Management of Extreme Events through Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Watersheds (ECOSWat), PN: 2012.9012.1-001.00 (GIZ), 54 pp. (unpublished).

Ribbe L., Nauditt A., Penedo S., Meier G., Viet T. & T. Zumbroich (2015). Vulnerability Analysis for the Lam Pa Chi Sub River Basin of the Mae Klong River Basin. Report carried out on behalf of the German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ) in the scope of the GIZ-project Improved Management of Extreme Events through Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Watersheds (ECOSWat), PN: 2012.9012.1-001.00 (GIZ), 93 pp. (unpublished).

Ribbe L. (2008). Design of Watershed Based Water Quality Monitoring - The Case of Nitrate Pollution in the Aconcagua River, Chile. Chemisch-Geowissenschaftlichen Fakultät Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena

Ribbe L, Atenas M, Kretschmer N, Oyarzun R, Salgado E. (2008). Monitoring to Support Water Quality Management in North-Central Chile, Proceedings, World Water Congress, Montpellier.

Ribbe L, Delgado P, Salgado E, Flügel WA. (2008). Nitrate pollution of surface water induced by agricultural non-point pollution in the Pocochay watershed, Chile. Desalination 226:13-20

Rozanski, K., & Araguás, L. A. (1995). Spatial and temporal variability of stable isotope composition of precipitation over the South American continent. Bulletin de l’Institut Français D'études Andines.

Rubio-Álvarez, E., & McPhee, J. (2010). Patterns of spatial and temporal variability in streamflow records in south central Chile in the period 1952-2003. Water Resources Research, 46(5), n/a–n/a.

Salazar A, Moreira-Muñoz A, del Río C. (2015). La Campana-Peñuelas Biosphere Reserve in Central Chile: threats and challenges in a peri-urban transition zone. Eco.mont: Journal on Protected Mountain Areas Research and Management 7 (1): 49-53, January 2015.

Schittek, K., Forbriger, M., Schäbitz, F., Eitel, B. (2012). Cushion Peatlands - Fragile Water Resources in the High Andes of Southern Peru, Book chapter: Landscape and Sustainable Development, 4.

Siegenthaler, U., & Oeschger, H. (1980). Correlation of 18O in precipitation with temperature and altitude. Nature, 285(5763), 314–317.

Souvignet, M., Gaese, H., Ribbe, L., Kretschmer, N., & Oyarzún, R. (2001). Climate Change Impacts on Water Availability in the Arid Elqui Valley , North Central Chile : A preliminary Assessment.

Souvignet, M., Gaese, H., Ribbe, L., Kretschmer, N., & Oyarzún, R. (2010). Statistical downscaling of precipitation and temperature in northcentral Chile: an assessment of possible climate change impacts in an arid Andean watershed. Hydrological Sciences Journal – Journal Des Sciences Hydrologiques. Retrieved from

Souvignet, M., Oyarzún, R., Verbist, K. M. J., Gaese, H., & Heinrich, J. (2012). Hydro-meteorological trends in semi-arid north-central Chile (29–32°S): water resources implications for a fragile Andean region. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 57(3), 479–495.

Spangenberg, J. E., Dold, B., Vogt, M.-L., & Pfeifer, H.-R. (2007). Stable hydrogen and oxygen isotope composition of waters from mine tailings in different climatic environments. Environmental Science & Technology, 41(6), 1870–6. Retrieved from

Steinhoff, D. F., Monaghan, A. J., & Clark, M. P. (2014). Projected impact of twenty-first century ENSO changes on rainfall over Central America and northwest South America from CMIP5 AOGCMs. Climate Dynamics, 44(5-6), 1329–1349.

Swart, R. et al. (2016). MEDIATION – Methodology for Effective Decision-Making on Impacts and Adaption. Retrieved March 2016 from

Thiemig, V., Rojas, R., Zambrano-Bigiarini, M., & De Roo, A. (2013). Hydrological evaluation of satellite-based rainfall estimates over the Volta and Baro-Akobo Basin. Journal of Hydrology, 499, 324–338.

Thiemig, V., Rojas, R., Zambrano-Bigiarini, M., Levizzani, V., & De Roo, A. (2012). Validation of Satellite-Based Precipitation Products over Sparsely Gauged African River Basins. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 13(6), 1760–1783.

Toledo, C., Muñoz, E., & Zambrano-Bigiarini, M. (2015). Comparison of Stationary and Dynamic Conceptual Models in a Mountainous and Data-Sparse Catchment in the South-Central Chilean Andes. Advances in Meteorology, 2015.

Torres, J., Frías, C., & De la Torre, C. (2014). Adaptación en ecosistemas de montaña, 37.

United Nations Development Programme (2015). Making the Case for Ecosystem-Based Adaptation: The Global Mountain EbA Programme in Nepal, Peru and Uganda. New York.

UNEP (2010). Ecosystem Based Adaptation in Mountain Ecosystems,      EcosystemBasedAdaptationinMountainEcosystems/tabid/51980/Default.aspx

UNFCCC (2004). Enhancing Adaptive Capacity in semi-arid mountainous regions (Bolivia),

UNFCCC (2011). Integrated National Adaptation Plan – Colombia Highland Ecosystems (Colombia),

Yanga, Z., Hsu, K., Sorooshian, S., Xu, X., Braithwaite, D., Verbist, K.M.J., (2016). Bias adjustment of PERSIANN-CCS precipitation estimates over Chile using quantile mapping and Gaussian weighting interpolation. Eos 565 Trans. AGU [under review].

Zambrano-Bigiarini, M., (2016). hydroGOF: Goodness-of-t functions for comparison of simulated and observed hydrological time series. URL: R package version0.4-0 [under-development].18

Vanderplank SE, Moreira-Muñoz A, Hobohm C, Pils G, Noroozi J, Clark VR, Barker NP, Yang W, Huang J, Ma K, Tang CQ, Werger MJA, Ohsawa M, Yang Y. (2014). Endemism in Mainland Regions - Case Studies: Central Chile Ecoregion. In: Hobohm, C (ed) Endemism in Vascular Plants, Series Plant and Vegetation, Vol. 9: 205-308, Springer, Dordrecht. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-

Varis, O., Kummu, M., & Salmivaara, A. (2012). Ten major rivers in monsoon Asia-Pacific: An assessment of vulnerability. Applied Geography, 32(2), 441–454.

Vergara, W., Deeb, A., Valencia, A., Bradley, R., Francou, B., Zarzar, A., … Haeussling, S. (2007). Economic impacts of rapid glacier retreat in the Andes. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 88(25), 261–264.

Vicuña, S., Garreaud, R. D., & McPhee, J. (2010). Climate change impacts on the hydrology of a snowmelt driven basin in semiarid Chile. Climatic Change, 105(3-4), 469–488.

Villalba, R., Lara, A., Masiokas, M. H., Urrutia, R., Luckman, B. H., Marshall, G. J., … LeQuesne, C. (2012). Unusual Southern Hemisphere tree growth patterns induced by changes in the Southern Annular Mode. Nature Geoscience, 5(11), 793–798.

Vogel, J. C., Lerman, J. C., & Mook, W. G. (1975). Natural isotopes in surface and groundwater from Argentina. Hydrological Sciences-Bulletin.

Vuille, M., Bradley, R. S., & Keimig, F. (2000). Interannual climate variability in the Central Andes and its relation to tropical Pacific and Atlantic forcing. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 105(D10), 12447–12460.

Vuille, M., Franquist, E., Garreaud, R., Lavado Casimiro, W. S., & Cáceres, B. (2015). Impact of the global warming hiatus on Andean temperature. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120(9), 3745–3757.

Wagnitz, P., Núñez, J., & Ribbe, L. (2014). Cost of environmental flow during water scarcity in the arid Huasco River basin, northern Chile. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 59(3-4), 700–712.

Ward, E., Buytaert, W., Peaver, L., & Wheater, H. (2011). Evaluation of precipitation products over complex mountainous terrain: A water resources perspective. Advances in Water Resources, 34(10), 1222–1231.

Ward, P. J., Jongman, B., Kummu, M., Dettinger, M. D., Sperna Weiland, F. C., & Winsemius, H. C. (2014). Strong influence of El Niño Southern Oscillation on flood risk around the world. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(44), 15659–64.

Wolter, K., & Timlin, M. S. (2011). El Niño/Southern Oscillation behaviour since 1871 as diagnosed in an extended multivariate ENSO index (MEI.ext). International Journal of Climatology, 31(7), 1074–1087.

Zambrano-Bigiarini, M., Clerc, M., & Rojas, R. (2013). Standard Particle Swarm Optimisation 2011 at CEC-2013: A baseline for future PSO improvements. In 2013 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (pp. 2337–2344). IEEE.

Zambrano-Bigiarini, M., & Rojas, R. (2013). A model-independent Particle Swarm Optimisation software for model calibration. Environmental Modelling & Software, 43, 5–25.


FaLang translation system by Faboba